Carbon dioxide is the main greenhouse gas that results from the burning of petrol, coal, oil and natural gas.

Carbon offset

The act of counterbalancing (‘offsetting’) greenhouse gas emissions produced by undertaking emission reduction projects. Common examples are renewable energy, energy efficiency and forestry projects.

Coated paper

Paper with a uniform application of a coating to provide maximum smoothness and ink holdout in the printing process. The coating (a mix of clay or carbonates and latex) is applied in separate coaters or in the paper machine.

Corporate sustainability

A business approach that creates long-term shareholder value by embracing opportunities and managing risks arising out of economic, environmental and social developments, and maintaining global competitiveness and brand reputation.

Emissions trading

An administrative approach used to control or reduce (carbon) pollution by providing economic incentives for achieving reductions in the emissions of pollutants. It is sometimes called cap and trade.

Environmental footprint

In an industrial setting, this is a company’s environmental impact determined by the amount of depletable raw materials and non-renewable resources it consumes in making its products, and the quantity of wastes and emissions generated in the process.


The raw material for the manufacture of paper is cellulose fibre, which can be obtained from trees and recovered paper.

Fine paper

Both coated and uncoated woodfree (white) papers used for writing, printing and other graphic purposes.

Forest Stewardship Council (FSC)

An international organisation promoting responsible forest management. The FSC has developed principles for forest management that may be used for certifying the management of forest holdings, and a system of tracing, verifying and labelling timber and wood products that originate from FSC-certified forests.


The specific mixture of raw materials, including pulp and chemicals, used to manufacture a particular grade of paper.


Created by the independent financial index company FTSE Group, FTSE4Good is a financial index series that identifies and facilitates investment in companies that meet globally recognised corporate responsibility standards and that manage their social, ethical and environmental impacts.

Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)

The GRI is an independent institution that has produced voluntary guidelines for use by organisations for reporting on the economic, environmental and social dimensions of their activities, products and services.

Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Emissions into the atmosphere of gases that affect the temperature and climate of the Earth’s surface. Some greenhouse gases occur naturally in the atmosphere, while others result from human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels. They include water vapour, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and ozone.

Greenhouse Gas Protocol

The Greenhouse Gas Protocol is an international accounting tool for government and business developed by the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Business Council for sustainable development.

ISO 14001

A voluntary, independently certified international standard for environmental management systems used, developed and maintained by the International Organisation for Standardisation.


A disposal point for society’s waste. They may be old excavations such as quarries or newly constructed sites.

Old-growth forest

Forest that is ecologically mature and has been subjected to very little, if any, unnatural disturbance such as timber harvesting, road construction and clearing, or natural disturbance such as bush fire.

Operating company

A business owned by PaperlinX.

Paper merchant

A distributor of paper that buys large quantities of paper, board and stock from different mills around the world and stores them until required by customers. The stock is then broken down into smaller quantities to meet customer needs.


The PEFC Council (Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification schemes) is an independent, non-profit, non-governmental organisation founded in 1999, which promotes sustainably managed forests through independent third-party certification.


A forest stand established by the planting of either native or exotic trees, selected for their wood producing properties and managed intensely for timber production.


The raw material used for paper production. It can be softwood or hardwood and, depending on the process used, may be chemical, mechanical and bleached or unbleached.

Recycled fibre

Paper and board that has been collected for re-use as raw fibre material in paper and board manufacture.

Sawmilling residue

Reject logs or cuttings from the harvesting of timber for use by sawmills.


The Sustainable Forestry Initiative programme promotes responsible forest management in North America, and responsible procurement globally.

Sustainable development

Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs.

Woodfree paper

Paper manufactured entirely from chemically pulped wood (for example, kraft pulps), as distinct from papers incorporating mechanically pulped wood or groundwood. Usually applied to fine papers.


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